April 11th - Titanic departs on her first Atlantic crossing. Calm clear seas.
- April 12th - Calm clear seas, fine weather. Ice warnings are given by other ships.
- April 13th, 22.30 - Heavy ice warning is given by a passing ship Rappahannock which already
reported some damage from ice. In total, Titanic receives 6 such warnings.
- April 14th - Captain Smith delays a scheduled change of course by 30 minutes.
- April 14th at 23.40 - Titanic is 5 miles south of where she should have been had she been perfectly on course. Titanic and the iceberg collide some 1,500 miles south of the Arctic Circle.
The iceberg photograph below may have been the Titanic sinking iceberg
taken on the morning of April 15,1912 by a passenger on the German ocean
liner SS Prinz Adalbert, unaware of the disaster on the previous night.
The water temperature on the night of the Titanic sinking was thought to be about 28 degrees Fahrenheit, just below freezing - lethally cold for all those passengers who had been forced to take to the open water to
escape the sinking ship. There were insufficient lifeboats to hold all the passengers and crew, they totalled only 20, comprising of 16 wooden, 4 collapsible. Harland And Wolff wanted 64 lifeboats. By the end of 1912, or sometime in 1913. In all likelihood, the iceberg that sank the Titanic was itself doomed to dissolve imperceptibly in the waters of the North Atlantic.
III. Divide the class into four groups. Each group reads about one of the four most important characters of the Titanic disaster listed below. Then reorganize the groups so that each student works with three other students who read about the other characters. Students tell each other about their characters' stories and why they were held responsible for the accident. Finally, they have to negotiate and decide who is the person who had the greatest responsibility for the accident and be able to justify their answers.
It was Captain Smith's fault:
This was Captain E.J. Smith's retirement trip. All he had to do was get to New York in record time. Captain E.J. Smith said years before the Titanic voyage, "I cannot imagine any condition which would cause a ship to founder. Modern shipbuilding has gone beyond that.”
together. Some rivets have been recovered from the wreck and analysed. The findings show that they were
made of sub-standard iron.
III. Watch the movie segment and discuss the questions:
1. Describe the scene.
2. What were some of the problems that you saw in the segment that should have been dealt with differently, now that you can use hindsight?
3. Why is the use of hindsight so important in the case of the Titanic sinking?
4. What has changed in traveling security after the accident?
5. Think about a situation (or situations) in your life in which you would have acted differently if you had had the chance to use hindsight?
MOVIE SEGMENT DOWNLOAD - TITANIC