Wednesday, July 29, 2015

The Book of Life: Day of the Dead

I love the Mexican culture and the way they celebrate the Day of the Dead. This movie is really cute and worth a try. Enjoy it.

The days of the dead are a truly celebration of life. When children dance with caricatures of death, eat skull sugar molds and learn to respect that life is brief, they learn there is a circle to life and to not fear death and then are free to enjoy and appreciate every moment. It is celebrated in Mexico between October 31st and November 2nd.

Talk to a partner:

1. How do you celebrate the Day of the Dead in your country? Is it a happy or sad day?

2. Do you think it is important to celebrate the Day of the Dead? Why (not)?

3. Do the people in your country have the following Day of the Dead Traditions? 

  • The most common way to celebrate it is to put an altar in the home to welcome the spirits who are believed to return on this date.
  • Visit the cemetery. Before the Holiday, they clean and do any necessary maintenance.
  • Think of your dearly departed and their favorite food, what they liked in life and keep them present on the day of the holiday.
  • make sugar skulls
  • Decorate the party with colorful skulls.

4. Watch the movie segment and discuss the questions


1. Where did the children go on the Day of the Dead?

2. What did they learn about the Day of the Dead?

3. How is "La Muerte" described?

3. What's your opinion about Mexican Day of the Dead? Do you prefer the way it is celebrated there or the way it is in your own country:? Why?

4. Do you think there should actually be a holiday to celebrate the Day of the Dead.

Monday, July 20, 2015

American Sniper: Gratitude

I liked the movie a lot despite the way the main character is portrayed in the story. Clint Eastwood is a great director and made a highly effective movie. I just did not like the points of view regarding the sniper's personality and heroism. Well, that's me. The film is really good and this scene is a perfect introduction to the topic GRATITUDE.

Gratitude: The feeling of showing or expressing thanks, especially towards another person. It is also a central component of most religions, They encourage gratitude towards others, but specially towards God. It is also one  of the most effective methods for increasing long-term life satisfaction.

Talk to a partner;

1. Do you like showing gratitude towards a person? How do you do it?

2. Do you think people show gratitude the way they should? Why (not)?

3. Decide if you think these statements are true or false. Justify your answer.

  • Gratitude brings us happiness because it boosts the feeling of optimism, joy and pleasure.
  • Gratitude reduces anxiety and depression.
  • Gratitude is good for our bodies because it lowers blood pressure, and makes us less bothered by aches and pain.
  • Grateful people have more hours of sleep.
  • Gratitude helps people recover from traumatic events, such as post-war trauma.
  • Gratitude makes relationships stronger, bringing people closer together.
  • Gratitude is good for kids because they feel more connected to the community.
4. Watch the movie segment and describe the scene.

5. Why is the war veteran so grateful?

6. How does he show gratitude?

7. How does the main actor react to the veteran's gratitude demonstration?

8. What would you do if you were the handicapped war veteran?

9. What would you do if you were the "hero"?


Friday, July 10, 2015

Interstellar: Murphy's Law

Murphy's Law is a popular adage that states that "things will go wrong in any given situation, if you give them a chance," or more commonly, "whatever can go wrong, will go wrong." 

Work in groups. Come up with a theory of why the expression is called Murphy's Law? Be creative. 

Then share your idea with the class.

Now read how the expression was born and decide who came up with the closest idea.

Murphy's Law ("If anything can go wrong, it will") was born at Edwards Air Force Base in 1949 at North Base.It was named after Capt. Edward A. Murphy, an engineer working on Air Force Project MX981, (a project) designed to see how much sudden deceleration a person can stand in a crash. One day, after finding that a transducer was wired wrong, he cursed the technician responsible and said, "If there is any way to do it wrong, he'll find it." The contractor's project manager kept a list of "laws" and added this one, which he called Murphy's Law. Actually, what he did was take an old law that had been around for years in a more basic form and give it a name

I. Work with a partner:

1. Watch the movie segment and explain the girl's feeling. Why does she feel the way she does? Is she right to feel that way?


II. Think about a day in your life in which everything that could happen or go wrong did happen or did go wrong. Explain why Murphy's Law applied to that situation. Think about a trip that went wrong, a bad date, an unfortunate lie or anything you have experienced. Then share your stories with the class.


Tuesday, June 30, 2015

The Boxtrolls: Social Etiquette

This is a lovely movie with a moving story. It is a must. You can't miss this British animation.

I. Work in pairs:

1 - What would you recommend someone if you knew he/she were going to a formal party, but he/she doesn't know anywhere there?

2 - What about an informal party? Would your recommendation change?

3 - Have you ever done something in a party that you regretted having done? Talk about it.

4 - What is something someone should NEVER do in  a party?

II. Watch the movie segment and complete the chart. Write 5 pieces of advice that were given to Egg.



1 -
2 -
3 -
4 -
5 -

III. Work in groups. Talk about the mistakes Egg made during the party. 

1 - What shouldn't Egg have done, but he did? Mention as many things you can remember.

2 - What should he have done, but he didn't? Mention as many things as you can remember.

IV. Imagine Eggs is going to the following places. Make a list of social etiquette recommendations he should follow, according to your own culture.

1. A wedding
2. A funeral
3. Church
4. Christmas Dinner
5. Theater
6. Plane trip

Saturday, June 20, 2015

Ivan the Incredible: Marketing & Ethics

This animated movie is amazing and the message it carries is really constructive. I recommend it.

Marketing is the process of communicating the value of a product or service to customers for the purpose of selling the product or service. It is a critical business function for attracting customers

I.  Watch the movie segment below and answer the questions.


1. What is Ivan selling? What about his competitor?

2. What are their strategies to compete against each other?

3. Are they real competitors?

4. What kind of customers are  they looking for?

5. How successful are they? Justify it?

6. What should Ivan do to make his product more attractive to the public?

II. Read the items below. They all have to do with marketing  ethics and strategies .They are some ethical procedures professionals must follow when marketing a product. Decide if these rules are followed by the characters in the segment you have seen.

( ) Avoidance of misleading or false advertising.
( ) Avoidance of sales promotions that use deception or manipulation.
( ) Not using coercion.
( ) Not practicing predatory pricing.
( ) Describing the product accurately in order to prevent misleading purchasing.
( ) Using your own ideas to promote a product.

Wednesday, June 10, 2015

Darkness Falls & Tooth Fairy: Tooth Fairy

The Tooth Fairy is not a very popular folklore tale in Brazil. Everything is pretty new for us, Brazilians. I selected two completely different scenes about the tale. One is a pretty scare version of the story - Darkness Falls (Adults only,please) - and the second one - The tooth Fairy - has a naive, but popular view of the subject. I hope you like them.

I. Divide the class into three groups. Each group reads one of the passages about the tooth fairy below. Then have one person from each of the groups form a new group and share what they read about the tale.


The tooth fairy is a fantasy figure of early childhood.[1] The folklore states that when a child loses a baby tooth, if he or she places it beneath the bed pillow, the tooth fairy will visit while the child sleeps, replacing the lost tooth with a small payment.[2]

The tradition of leaving a tooth under a pillow for the tooth fairy to collect is practiced in various countries.
74 percent of those surveyed, believed the tooth fairy to be female, while 12 percent believed the tooth fairy to be neither male nor female and 8 percent believed the tooth fairy could be either male or female. One review of published children's books and popular artwork found the tooth fairy to also be depicted as a child with wings,  two little old men, a dental hygienist, a potbellied flying man smoking a cigar, a bat, a bear and others. 


Ratón Pérez, "Pérez Mouse" in English) is a figure popular in Spanish and Hispanic American cultures, similar to the tooth fairy, originating in Madrid in 1894. As is traditional in some English-speaking countries, when a child loses a tooth it is customary for him or her to place it under the pillow, so that Ratoncito Pérez will exchange it for a gift. The tradition is almost universal in Spanish cultures, but takes different forms in different areas. He is known as "Ratoncito Pérez" in Spanish speaking countries, with the exception of some regions of Mexico, Peru and Chile, where he is called "el Ratón de los Dientes" (The Tooth Mouse), and in Argentina, Venezuela, Uruguay and Colombia, he is known simply as "El Ratón Pérez". In Italy, the tooth fairy is also often replaced by a small mouse. In France, and in French-speaking Belgium, this character is called la petite souris ("the little mouse"). From parts of Scotland comes a tradition similar to the fairy mouse: a white fairy rat who purchases children's teeth with coins.


In some Asian countries, such as India, China, Japan, Korea and Vitnam, when a child loses a tooth, it is customary for him or her to throw it onto the roof if it came from the lower jaw, or into the space beneath the floor if it came from the upper jaw. While doing this, the child shouts a request for the tooth to be replaced with the tooth of a mouse. This tradition is based on the fact that the teeth of mice grow for their entire lives, a characteristic of all rodents. In Japan, a different variation calls for lost upper teeth to be thrown straight down to the ground and lower teeth straight up into the air; the idea is that incoming teeth will grow in straight. In Middle Eastern countries, there is a tradition of throwing a baby tooth up into the sky to the sun or to Allah. This tradition may originate in a pre-Islamic offering, and dates back to at least the 13th century. 

II. Watch the movie segments below. Then answer the questions that follow.


Darkness Falls:

1. How is the legend of the Tooth Fairy shown in the segment?

2. Is the Tooth Fairy similar to the ones you read about? Explain it.

3. Is it a child's story? Why (not)?

4. What does this story have in common with the texts you read about?

The Tooth Fairy:


1. How is the legend of the Tooth Fairy shown in the segment?

2. Is the Tooth Fairy similar to the ones you read about? Explain it.

3. Is it a child's story? Why (not)?

4. What does this story have in common with the texts you read about?

III. Imagine that you are interviewing the Tooth Fairy.

Student 1 interviews Student 2 - the Tooth Fairy of the Darkness Falls segment.

Then switch roles.

Student 2 interviews the Tooth fairy in the Tooth Fairy segment. Use your imagination to answer the questions.

What do you do with all the teeth?

How do you get through windows? 

I lost a tooth, and I can't find it. Will you still come visit me?

How do you travel from house to house?

Where do you get all your money to trade for the teeth?

Where do you live?

Can I be a Tooth Fairy?

Why didn't you come and get my tooth?

How do you know my name and where I live?

Do animals lose their teeth? If so, do you collect those teeth?

Is there more than one Tooth Fairy?

How old are you?

How do you get my tooth without waking me up?

How did you become The Tooth Fairy?

IV. Finally, check the real Tooth Fairy answers at the end of the post. The answers are on the same site and the answers are really creative.

Taken from the awesome and creative site

What do you do with all the teeth?
The Tooth Fairy Helpers put the teeth in special boxes designed just for each child's lost teeth. We use the teeth to build just about everything at Tooth Fairyland. Sometimes the teeth shine so bright, you can see them as stars at night. You can even pick out and name your own star.  Look Here:  Name a Star  

How do you get through windows?
Part of being The Tooth Fairy is that I have special magic. I can use my magic to go right through your window. But it only works if you are sleeping. 

I lost a tooth, and I can't find it. Will you still come visit me?
Of course I will. As long as the tooth is lost, the Tooth Fairy will know about it. Usually I will dispatch Tooth Fairy Helper Argyle to find the lost tooth. He is the best lost tooth finder in all of Tooth Fairyland. Often a child will write a special note for me and leave that note under the pillow. Here at Tooth Fairyland a note from a child is just as magical as the lost tooth. 

How do you travel from house to house?
I'm a magical fairy and I travel on the mystical energy of fairy flight. Sometimes you can see the trail I leave way up in the sky when the night is as dark as it is going to get. But, most children are fast asleep at this hour of the night. 

Where do you get all your money to trade for the teeth?
There are several secret and loving adults that have a lot of money. They give money to me so I can trade it for your lost teeth. Maybe one day when you get older you will be able to donate money to me so I can trade it for other children's teeth. 

Where do you live?
I live at Tooth Fairyland -- hidden away up in the sky. 
Can I be a Tooth Fairy?
Maybe one day, you can be a Tooth Fairy Helper. But, those are jobs for grown ups. For now, I need you to be a child. You should enjoy growing up, making friends, learning at school, and ALWAYS be sure to take care of your teeth.

Why didn't you come and get my tooth?
Even though I can fly as fast as Fairy Speed Eleven, I just can't get to every lost tooth in one night. Sometimes there are so many lost teeth to collect. Sometimes the weather (especially blizzards and hurricanes) causes me to have to slow down, and I get behind. Just remember to leave your tooth for me, and I will get to it. Sometimes I have to work overtime on the weekends to get caught up. But I'll always come and get your lost teeth. 

How do you know my name and where I live?
Tooth Fairyland is full of Tooth Fairy Helpers. One such helper is Tooth Fairy Helper Emma. She is the keeper of the names, address, and map books. Emma and the other Tooth Fairy Helpers who work with her spend their days and nights making sure they know all the children's names and where they live. Every night, before I go to collect teeth, Tooth Fairy Helper Emma gives me the list of names and addresses to visit. 

Do animals lose their teeth? If so, do you collect those teeth?
Many animals do lose their baby teeth. However, there is a completely different Animal Tooth Fairy who collects those teeth. And, believe it or not, he leaves special little treats for the animals to eat when they wake up. The Animal Tooth Fairy is so busy that I hardly ever get to see him. But sometimes we meet up for a healthy snack. 

Is there more than one Tooth Fairy?
Nope. I am the only Tooth Fairy for people. Remember that there is an Animal Tooth Fairy. 

How old are you?
I know I look like a child, but I am very very, very, very old. I'm so old, that I stopped counting. I don't really remember when my birthday is. But every year on January 1st, the Tooth Fairy Helpers and I celebrate my birthday. I'm so old that I can remember when people didn't even live in houses. 

How do you get my tooth without waking me up?
Part of being The Tooth Fairy is that I have Tooth Fairy Magic. Using my magic, I can move very quiet and very fast. So quiet and so fast that you don't wake up when I get your tooth...even if it is under your pillow! 

Saturday, May 30, 2015

Hotel Tansylvania, Delivery Man & The Change-up: Parenthood

I. Talk to a partner:

1. Do you have children? Talk about them.
2. What were (are) the most difficult moments while raising your child? 
3. If you don't have a child, what do you think your greatest challenges would be?

II. Here is a list of what a research showed parents believe were/are their greatest concerns about parenthood. Talk to a friend a write 1 to 5. 5 being extremely difficult and 1  no  concern at all.

  • Sleepless nights
  • Having patience
  • Getting children to eat the right foods
  • Give your child what they want without spoiling them
  • Getting children to clean their teeth properly
  • Dealing with an ill child
  • Leaving your baby for the first time
  • Getting a baby to sleep through the night
  • Getting children to do their homework
  • Going back to work after having a baby
  • Keeping an eye on your child 24/7
  • Trying to stop children spending too much time in front of a computer/TV
  • Bed-wetting
  • Getting a toddler to stay in bed
  • Getting time off work when your children are ill
  • Your child’s first ever day at school
  • Teaching them the value of money
  • Keeping a lid on bad language
  • Getting to school on time
  • Keeping an eye on what your children are looking at online/watching on TV etc
  • Preventing children from smoking or using drugs
  • Coping when you’re child’s first pet has died and knowing what to say

II. Watch the movie segment from the movie Hotel Transylvania and answer the questions:

1. How did he cope with parenthood?
2. What were his major difficulties?
3. Which item in the previous exercise did he have the hardest time at?
4. What advice would you give him?

III. Watch the movie segment from the movie The Change up  and answer the questions:


1. How did he cope with parenthood?
2. What were his major difficulties?
3. Which item in the previous exercise did he have the hardest time at?
4. What advice would you give him?

IV. Watch the segment from the movie Delivery Man and answer the questions. Dracula had a different situation and had a different task with his daughter.


1. How did he cope with parenthood?
2. What were his major difficulties?
3. Which item in the previous exercise did he have the hardest time at?
4. What advice would you give him?

Wednesday, May 20, 2015

The Fifth Estate: Advances in Communication Throughout History - Historic Moments

This is a thriller with a very current topic. I liked it a lot and the opening scene is perfect for that recurrent conversation class about technology.

I. Talk to a partner:

1. Think about all the progress that has taken place in the history of communication. Can you come up wit a chronological order of the advancement of communication until current times?
Ex: First, human beings started to communicate through drawings in caves. Then, writing was invented, etc...

2. Match the means of communication and the year they were invented/established:

  • Gutenberg invented the press, which made books much cheaper and allowed newspapers to be invented
  • Writing was invented
  • Invention of the alphabet in what is now Israel and Lebanon
  • The Internet gained a public face
  • The first fax machine was invented.
  • Telephones became common in peoples homes
  • The Chinese invented printing with block
  • The Chinese invented paper
  • TV began in the USA
  • Television was invented 
  • The telegraph was invented in 1837. A cable was laid across the Channel so it became possible to send messages across the Atlantic.
  • The first telephone exchange in Britain opened.
  • Radio broadcasting began in Britain
  • Smart phones were introduced
  • The first mobile phone call in Britain was made

Ex: 3,300 BC - Writing was invented

1,600 BC - 
200 BC - 
500 AC - 
1400 AC - 
1837 - 
1843 - 
1879 - 
1922 - 
1925 - 
1941 - 
1970 - 
1985 - 
1989 - 
1996 - 

II. Work in   pairs:

1. Which of the inventions above do you consider the most important one? Why?

2. What will come after the Internet?

3. How do you see communication in 50 years form now?

4. Will people communicate less or more in the future?

III. Watch the movie segment and make a list of all the advancement in technology you managed to see in the segment.



Answer key - Ex: 2:

3,300 BC - Writing was invented
1,600 BC - Invention of the alphabet in what is now Israel and Lebanon
200 BC - The Chinese invented paper
500 AC - The Chinese invented printing with block
1400 AC - Gutenberg invented the press, which made books much cheaper and allowed newspapers to be invented. 
1837 - The telegraph was invented in 1837. A cable was laid across the Channel so it became possible to send messages across the Atlantic.
1843 - the first fax machine was invented.
1879 - The first telephone exchange in Britain opened.
1922 - Radio broadcasting began in Britain
1925 - Television was invented 
1941 - TV began in the USA
1970 - telephones became common in peoples homes
1985 - The first mobile phone call in Britain was made
1989 - The network gained a public face
1996 - smart phones were introduced

Sunday, May 10, 2015

Hitchcock, The Birds and Psycho: Hitchcock, Cinema


Filmmaker Alfred Hitchcock was nicknamed the "Master of Suspense" for employing a kind of psychological suspense in his films, producing  a distinct viewer experience. Hitchcock created more than 50 films.  Hitchcock received the AFI's Life Achievement Award in 1979. He died in 1980.

I. Work with a partner.

1. What is your favorite kind of movies? Why do you like it?

2. What kinds of movies do you dislike? Why?

3. Do you have favorite actors? What about directors? Talk about them.

4. What is your opinion about the Oscar and other Awards ceremonies? Do they actually award the best movies of the year?

5. What do you know about Alfred Hitchcock?

6. Hitchcock was nominated for best director five times without a win. Why do you think that happened?

7. Do you like suspense movies? Why (not)?

8. Have you ever seen a Hitchcock movie? If so, which one was your favorite? Why is it your favorite?

II. Hitchcock had very special techniques that made him stand out the other directors of the genre. They made him unique and respected all around the world. Read some of them and see when/how you can spot them in the segments you will watch.

Inspired by the informative site:

  • Emotion is the ultimate goal for each scene. The closer the camera the more intense the film is.
  • The camera takes on human qualities so that the audience feel like they are uncovering the true story. 
  • He doesn't always use dialogue, but body language and action to pull the audience in. He saves dialogue as a last resort.
  • He uses simple shots.
  • He keeps the story simple.
  • He makes  the characters the opposite of what the audience expects.
  • He uses humor to add tension.
  •  He shows two unrelated things happening at once. 
  • He shows the audience what the characters don't see to create suspense. The character is completely unaware of what is going on.
  • What's happening next is always a complete surprise.
III. Watch the segment from the movie The Birds and see when/how Hitchcock uses his techniques. Remember that he doesn't necessarily use all of them in every film or scene.

IV. Repeat the process with the famous bathroom scene from Psycho.

V. Now watch the segment from the movie Hitchcock and answer the questions.


1. Can you relate the techniques discussed in the previous exercise with the opening scene of the segment?

2. What made Hitchcock so surprised or upset about the reporter's questions?

3. Was that question appropriate for the moment, a premiere of his latest movie?

Thursday, April 30, 2015

Into the Storm: Storm Chasers, Tornadoes

Tornado Watch - Tornadoes are possible in and near the watch area. Review and discuss your emergency plans, and check supplies and your safe room. Be ready to act quickly if a warning is issued or you suspect a tornado is approaching. Acting early helps to save lives!
Tornado Warning - A tornado has been sighted or indicated by weather radar. Tornado warnings indicate imminent danger to life and property. Go immediately under ground to a basement, storm cellar or an interior room (closet, hallway or bathroom).
I. Work in pairs. Decide whether these places are good shelters in case of tornadoes:
  • A small room, such as a closet or a bathroom, near the center of the home
  • a bathroom under the stairs and centrally located
  • a basement
  • under a heavy bench or a heavy table
  • crawl space if the house is built on concrete block.
  • garage
  • a mobile home

Wrong answers:
  • crawl space if the house is built on concrete block. - the house can pancake on the ground or move as a single unit off the foundation. You can be crushed.
  • garage - garage doors fail easily
  • a mobile home - it can be taken away by the winds with you inside.
II. Choose the correct alternatives:

1. A ________________is a giant whirlpool that covers land. A ____________ is a whirlwind. (HURRICANE/TORNADO)

2. ______________ form over land from
thunderstorms. ______________ form over water and covers all sorts of spinning storms from a standard low pressure system to a ______________. (TORNADOES / CYCLONES / HURRICANE)

3. In themselves nothing, they are both the same thing. The distinction is that _________________ form in the Atlantic, and _________ form in the Pacific Ocean. (HURRICANES / TYPHOONS)

4. ____________ Hurricanes are LARGE scale weather systems that form over warm ocean waters near the equator due to the convergence of several factors, including LOW wind shear, warm ocean water, and the Coriolis force. They are large features that exist over time scales of many hours to days. ___________ form in super cell thunderstorms, which are rotating thunderstorms that form in conditions of HIGH wind shear and large atmospheric instability. They are small features that exist on small time scales of minutes to an hour. (HURRICANES / TORNADOES)

Answer key: The answers are in the correct order.

III. Watch the segment and answer the questions.


1. What were they doing when the tornado hit the city?

2. Were they acting right? Explain it.

3. Is their job important? Why (not)?

4. What are the most common natural disaster where you live? How do you compare it to a tornado?

5. Do you consider yourself lucky or unfortunate, regarding natural disasters in your city?

Monday, April 20, 2015

Cyberbully: Cyberbullying

This is a movie made for television, and it talks about a very current topic, cyberbullying. Because cyberbullying involves humiliation, swearing, and desperation, this scene is more suitable for adults or older teens, since there are some curse words and the main character is drawn to a desperate outcome. In fact, total despair and disappointment with life are some of the extreme outcomes of cyberbullying. However, it is important to discuss this issue, and the movie and scene have a very positive message. So, please, mind your audience when you choose this topic and scene. My students loved it, and it was a great conversation starter.

Cyber bullying is bullying through email, instant messaging (IMing), chat room exchanges, Web site posts, or digital messages or images send to a cellular phone or personal digital assistant (PDA) (Kowalski et al. 2008). Cyber bullying, like traditional bullying, involves an imbalance of power, aggression, and a negative action that is often repeated.

I. Here are some characteristics of cyberbullying, which is different from traditional bullying. Read them and decide how the main character of the movie segment dealt with them.

As bad as the "bully" on the playground may be, he or she can be readily identified and potentially avoided. On the other hand, the child who cyber bullies is often anonymous. The victim is left wondering who the cyber "bully" is, which can cause a great deal of stress.
Most children who use traditional ways of bullying terrorize their victim at school, on the bus, or walking to or from school. Although bullying can happen elsewhere in the community, there is usually a standard period of time during which these children have access to their victims. Children who cyber bully can wreak havoc any time of the day or night.
Punitive Fears
Victims of cyber bullying often do not report it because of: (1) fear of retribution from their tormentors, and (2) fear that their computer or phone privileges will be taken away. Often, adults' responses to cyber bullying are to remove the technology from a victim - which in their eyes can be seen as punishment.
Most traditional bullying episodes occur in the presence of other people who assume the role of bystanders or witnesses. The phenomenon of being a bystander in the cyber world is different in that they may receive and forward emails, view web pages, forward images sent to cell phones, etc. The number of bystanders in the cyber world can reach into the millions.

The anonymity afforded by the Internet can lead children to engage in behaviors that they might not do face-to-face. Ironically, it is their very anonymity that allows some individuals to bully at all.

II. Watch the movie segment and answer question I.


III. Here are some kinds of cyberbullying. Which ones did she suffer?

Harassment: Repeatedly sending offensive, rude, and insulting messages

Denigration: Distributing information about another that is derogatory and untrue through posting it on a Web page, sending it to others through email or instant messaging, or posting or sending digitally altered photos of someone

Flaming: Online "fighting" using electronic messages with angry, vulgar language

Impersonation: Breaking into an email or social networking account and using that person's online identity to send or post vicious or embarrassing material to/about others.

Outing and Trickery: Sharing someone's secrets or embarrassing information, or tricking someone into revealing secrets or embarrassing information and forwarding it to others

Cyber Stalking: Repeatedly sending messages that include threats of harm or are highly intimidating, or engaging in other online activities that make a person afraid for his or her safety (depending on the content of the message, it may be illegal)

IV. Work in pairs:

1. What were the consequences of cyberbullying in the movie segment case?

2. Why did her friend decide to do it?
3. What should happen to her friend - the cyberbully? Should she be punished? How?
4. Was there anything that could have been done to prevent the situation from happening? Explain it.
5. Do you know anyone who has gone through such an experience? What happened?